Most of the time, the vitreous moves away from the retina without causing problems. But sometimes, the vitreous pulls hard enough to tear the retina in one or more places. Fluid can pass through a retinal tear, lifting the retina off the back of the eye. When the retina is pulled away from the back of the eye in this way, it is called a retinal detachment.
This should be considered a medical emergency because it can lead to permanent blindness. In most cases, the detachment is a slowly progressing issue which must be treated once symptoms are realized. In other cases, retinal detachment can be caused by physical trauma. Severe inflammation can also alter the position of the retinal tissue and start the detachment process.
What are the symptoms of retinal detachment?
- The sudden appearance of many flashes and floaters
- Blurred vision
- Gradually reduced side (peripheral) vision
- A curtain-like shadow over your visual field
How is a torn or detached retina treated?
A retinal tear or a detached retina is repaired with surgery. Based on the severity of your condition, Dr. Carter will discuss the different procedures available.
- Laser surgery (photocoagulation)
- Freezing treatment (cryopexy)
- Scleral Buckle
- Pneumatic Retinopexy
Your retina health is important to us. Regular eye examinations by your Carter Eye Center eye doctor is the best safeguard for maintaining good vision at any stage of life.